This Coffee is an Exclusive Lot from Qima Coffee : Best of Yemen 2021 Selections, it is one of the two lots won by Cherry Beans on the most anticipated annual coffee auction. Roasted in a limited quantity, and packed in 150g Bags.
Roast Profile : Filter / Espresso
Origin : Yemen
Lot No. : 18
Village : Al Ruwad Cooperative
Region : Hayma Kharijiya
Governorate : Sana’a
Variety : Yemenia (DNA Verified using Genetic Fingerprinting)
Process : Natural
Altitude : 2300 Meters Above Sea Level
Cup Profile: Berries, Mandarin Orange, Mango, Rose, Raspberry
Over 98% of the world’s known cultivated varieties of Coffea arabica, can be traced back to Yemen. The arabica species, which was found wild in the forests of Ethiopia, travelled to Yemen at least 600 years ago, where it was grown as a cultivated crop, likely for the first time in the crop’s history. As it went from the lush forests of Ethiopia to the arid mountains of Yemen, the genetics of the Yemeni trees would change over time to adapt to the new environment through domestication and natural selection. Coffee cultivation continued in Yemen for the next 300 years, during which the genetics of the Yemeni coffee trees gradually changed through domestication and a process known as genetic drift, such that they became distinctly different from their Ethiopian ancestors. These unique trees would go on to become the ‘mother’ trees of almost all of the cultivated varieties known today.
On August 14th 2020, Qima Coffee announced the discovery of an entirely new genetic mother population in the Arabica coffee species that was previously unknown to the coffee world – Yemenia. The scientific study which was led by Qima Coffee (Yemen), RD2 Vision (France) and CATIE (Costa Rica), involved conducting the largest genetic survey in Yemen’s history, covering an area of over 25,000km2 and the findings are considered amongst the most significant genetic discoveries in Yemen’s coffee history. Alongside this discovery, the study also established that Yemen holds the entire world’s cultivated coffee genetic pool, representing a microcosm of the world’s coffee varieties.
We are also extremely proud to announce that the study was peer-reviewed and recently published in the international journal of Genetic Resources and Crop Evaluation (GRACE) and represents the first global published scientific study that sheds light on C.arabica coffee’s genetic landscape in Yemen.
THE RUWAD COOPERATIVE
In 2016, Qima coffee signed the country’s largest and most equitable coffee partnership to date with Al Ruwad cooperative. Through this partnership, Al Ruwad’s farmers receive interest-free microloans, double-the-market prices for their coffee, and a profit-sharing return on each one of the coffee lots we sell. Since its inception in 2013, Al Ruwad’s goals have been to educate farmers on specialty coffee best practices and to protect them against traders who have exploited their poverty and lack of awareness. Responsible for producing some of Yemen’s most exquisite specialty coffee, in 2017, Al Ruwad produced a coffee lot that achieved a cupping score of 97 on the well-known Coffee Review website – the highest scoring coffee in the site’s history.”
THE REGION OF HAYMA KHARIJIYA
Hayma Kharijiya is a coffee growing region located in the west of the Sana’a governorate. The governorate has the biggest share of specialty coffee production, in both quality and quantity in Yemen – you will see its name on many premium coffees stemming from Yemen.
The region sees rainy summers and dry, cold winters making it suitable for the growing of many crops such as potatoes, corn, peanuts as well as coffee. Coffee culture is rooted in the region’s heritage and history. Farmers believe that the coffee trees are blessed and that the coffee tree originated from the region.
THE GOVERNORATE OF SANA’A
The Sana’a governorate has the biggest share of specialty coffee production, in both quality and quantity in Yemen – you will see its name on many premium coffees stemming from Yemen. The main coffee growing areas are Hayma Dakhiliya, Hayma Kharijiya, Bani Matar, Bani Ismail, and Haraaz. Altitude, soil fertility, microclimate and rainfall are all contributing factors behind some of the finest coffee in the world.
Sana’a has one of the longest continuous coffee cultures in the world. Much of the coffee consumed in Sana’a is prepared using the traditional Ibrik method, brewing coffee in a copper or silver pot over hot charcoals.